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Impedance Controlled PCB

Customer Reviews
Kevin, Received and tested the boards - thanks very much. These are perfect, exactly what we needed. rgds Rich

—— Rich Rickett

Ruth, I got the PCB today, and they are just perfect. Please stay a little patience, my next order is coming soon. Kind regards from Hamburg Olaf

—— Olaf Kühnhold

Hi Natalie. It was perfect, I attach some pictures for your reference. And I send you next 2 projects to budget. Thanks a lot again

—— Seba T.

Kevin, Thanks, they were perfectly made, and work well. As promised, here are the links for my latest project, using the PCBs you manufactured for me:

—— Daniel F

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Sample Introduction

Impedance Controlled PCB

China Impedance Controlled PCB Supplier
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Detailed Product Description


Without impedance control, significant signal reflections and signal distortions will occur, resulting in design failure. Impedance control is required for common signals, such as PCI bus, PCI-E bus, USB, Ethernet, DDR memory, LVDS signals, etc. Impedance control eventually needs to be achieved by PCB design and a higher requirement for PCB board process is also put forward too. So we need to control the impedance of wiring as per the signal integrity requirement.


Definition of characteristic impedance

At a certain frequency, relative to a reference layer, the resistance of its high-frequency signals or electromagnetic waves in the process of transmission is called the characteristic impedance, which is the vector summation of electrical impedance, inductive reactance, capacitance resistance.


Basic elements that affect impedance

1) Thickness of trace (T1) 7%

2) Width of trace (W1) 4%

3) Height of laminate (H1) 35%

4) Dielectric constant of board material (Er1) 8%

5) Other factors can be involved, however they have much less affect on the impedance such solder resist, thickness of tin and lead, PCB humidity etc


Basic elements to impedance control

Impedance Controlled PCB


Main factors affected impedance control (normally ±10%)

1) Generally, designed width of trace is already fixed, manufacturing procedure is controlled within ±15-20%

2) Generally, the thickness of trace is already fixed at designing period, manufacturing procedure of electroplate is controlled within ±0.8-1.2mil

3) The dielectric constant of the substrate is almost fixed, no much big changes.

4) The above-mentioned factors can be controlled stably, the main affecting factor of impedance control is only left height of laminate.


Main factors to the height of laminate

1) Thickness of inner layer copper

2) Residual rate of inner layer copper

3) Use which kind of prepreg


The classification of characteristic impedance

Common characteristic impedance is divided into: single ended (line) impedance, differential impedance, coplanar impedance, etc.


Single ended impedance: refers to the measured impedance of a single signal line.

Differential impedance: refers to the impedance measured between the two transmission lines with equivalent width and spacing in differential drive.


Coplanar impedance: refers to the impedance measured when the signal line is transmitting between its surrounding GND / VCC (the space between the signal line to GND / VCC on both sides is equal).

Testing the PCB

Impedance Controlled PCB
PCB testing is normally done on one test coupon integrated into the PCB panel, not on the PCB itself. Coupons are designed for specific time domain reflectometer.


Contact Details

Contact Person: Ms. Bonnie Shi

Tel: 86-755-27374946

Fax: 86-755-27374947

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